Ultrasound is a diagnostic procedure that utilizes high-frequency sound waves to create images within the body. This non-invasive procedure helps doctors visualize internal organs, tissues, and blood vessels, aiding in the diagnosis or monitoring of various medical conditions.


Ultrasonography is widely applied and is often used in the diagnosis of pregnancy, abdominal examinations, cardiac imaging, thyroid scans, breast examinations, joint assessments, vascular imaging, kidney evaluations, and other organ-specific diagnostics. Candidates for ultrasound depend on the specific area of the body being examined or the medical condition requiring diagnosis or monitoring.


Preparation for ultrasound typically depends on the type of examination and the area being scanned. In many cases, there is no need for special preparation, but for some examinations, fasting or other specific guidelines may be necessary.


Patient's position: Depending on the examination, the patient may be in a lying, sitting, or standing position. Application of gel: Gel is applied to the skin in the area being examined to enhance the transmission of sound waves between the skin and the ultrasound probe. Movement of the probe: The doctor or ultrasound technician moves the probe over the skin to obtain images and information about internal structures.


The results of ultrasound provide doctors with detailed images of internal organs and tissues. These results help in making a diagnosis, monitoring fetal development during pregnancy, assessing the condition of organs, or identifying pathological changes.


Ultrasound is generally a safe procedure with no serious side effects. Patients do not require special precautions after the examination. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions and adhere to further treatment or additional tests as needed.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator