Thermal ablation of liver tumors


Thermal ablation of liver tumors is a medical procedure used to remove liver tumors using high temperatures or cold. This procedure may involve methods such as radiofrequency ablation (RFA), microwave ablation (MWA), or cryoablation.


Candidates for thermal ablation of liver tumors are typically individuals with small liver tumors that have not spread to other parts of the body.


Preparation for the treatment involves a review of medical history, laboratory tests, imaging studies such as CT or MRI for precise tumor localization, and discussion with the physician about the procedure itself and potential complications.


During the treatment, the patient may be under general anesthesia or local anesthesia, depending on the methods used and the size of the tumor. Then, under the guidance of CT or ultrasound, a thin needle is inserted directly into the tumor, and high temperatures or cold are used to destroy tumor cells.


The results of thermal ablation of liver tumors may vary depending on the size of the tumor, its location, and other factors. Most patients notice a reduction in tumor size and symptoms after the procedure. However, complications such as bleeding, infection, or damage to surrounding tissues are possible.


Precautions include monitoring the patient after the procedure to detect possible complications and following the doctor's recommendations for recovery and activity restrictions. It is also important to regularly monitor the patient's progress through follow-up appointments to ensure optimal care and therapy.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator