Microbiological Analysis of Semen


Microbiological analysis of semen is a diagnostic test used to detect the presence of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms in the seminal fluid (semen). This test helps diagnose infections of the reproductive system, prostatitis (inflammation of the prostate), and other sexually transmitted diseases.



Candidates for microbiological analysis of semen include: Individuals with symptoms of reproductive system infections (pain during ejaculation, discomfort in the pelvic area, changes in seminal fluid). Individuals with a history of sexually transmitted diseases or those with a new sexual partner. Men with recurrent urinary tract infections or symptoms of prostatitis. Patients in whom the doctor suspects an infection or inflammation in the reproductive system based on clinical symptoms or history.


Preparation for microbiological analysis of semen includes: Abstinence: Patients are advised to abstain from ejaculation for at least 2-5 days before collecting the sample to ensure sufficient quantity of seminal fluid for analysis. Informing the Doctor: Patients should inform their doctor about all medications they are taking, especially antibiotics, as these can affect the test results.


The procedure for microbiological analysis of semen generally includes the following steps: Arrival at the Clinic: The patient arrives at the clinic or hospital where the sample will be collected. Sample Collection: The patient will be asked to produce a semen sample through masturbation into a sterile container. Sample Analysis: The sample is sent to a laboratory where it is tested for the presence of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other microorganisms.


Results of the microbiological analysis of semen can include: Negative Result: No pathogenic microorganisms are present, indicating the absence of infection. Positive Result: Presence of bacteria, viruses, fungi, or other pathogens, indicating an infection or sexually transmitted disease.


Minimal Discomfort: The sample collection process may be uncomfortable for some patients, but it is painless. Informing About Results: Patients should inform their doctor if symptoms worsen or if new symptoms appear. Follow-Up Treatment: If results indicate the presence of an infection, the doctor will prescribe appropriate treatment, which may include antibiotics or other medications.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator