Ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen

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Ultrasonographic examination of the abdomen is a diagnostic procedure that uses ultrasound waves to create images of the internal organs in the abdominal area. This examination is often used to assess the liver, gallbladder, kidneys, spleen, pancreas, and other organs in the abdominal cavity.


Candidates for abdominal ultrasound typically include individuals who experience symptoms or issues related to the internal organs in the abdominal area. These may include pain, swelling, changes in organ function, or other clinical symptoms. This examination may also be prescribed for monitoring the course of certain diseases or conditions.


In most cases, preparation for abdominal ultrasound is minimal. The patient usually needs to fast for several hours before the examination, especially if the focus is on the liver or gallbladder. The doctor will provide specific guidelines on preparation, which may include certain dietary restrictions.


Patient's position: The patient lies on their back on the examination table. Application of gel: Gel is applied to the abdominal area to improve contact between the skin and the ultrasound probe. Ultrasonographic examination: The doctor or ultrasound technician uses an ultrasound probe to create images of internal organs. The patient may be asked to change body positions to obtain different perspectives.


Results of abdominal ultrasound provide information about the structure and condition of internal organs in the abdominal cavity. The doctor analyzes these images to make a diagnosis or monitor the course of a disease.


After abdominal ultrasound examination, special precautions are usually not necessary. The patient can return to their regular activities. It is important to follow the doctor's instructions regarding further treatment or additional tests, if needed based on the examination results.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator