MRI of the abdomen

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Abdominal MRI is a diagnostic technique used to visualize the internal structures and organs within the abdominal cavity. This method uses a magnetic field and radio waves to create detailed images of organs such as the liver, spleen, kidneys, pancreas, gallbladder, and intestines, enabling the identification of various pathological conditions such as tumors, cysts, inflammations, or other changes. Abdominal MRI is commonly used for diagnosing problems related to abdominal organs and can be helpful in establishing an accurate diagnosis and planning appropriate treatment.



This type of imaging is often used in the assessment of diseases of the end part of the intestine (rectum and anal canal), in men with prostate disease, and in women in a number of gynecological diseases of the cervix, uterus and ovaries, and in diseases of other parenchymatous organs in the abdomen.


The search requires preparation, which you will receive when ordering.


It is mandatory to remove all metal objects from the body before entering the room where the MR device is located. The staff working on the device will lay you down on the device table in a position that depends on the part of the body being examined. An additional device, a coil, will be placed around the part of the body being examined, and serves to send and receive radio waves into and out of the body and ensures the quality of the obtained images. Sometimes, for a more detailed analysis and accurate diagnosis, the use of a special contrast agent is required, which is administered through a vein in the arm (IV). A part of the body is recorded in different recording conditions, each of which can last from 2 to 15 minutes, and the entire scan can last over an hour.


What is contrast-enhanced abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)?

Contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI is a diagnostic procedure that uses a magnetic field and radio waves to obtain detailed images of internal organs in the abdominal region, often with the aid of contrast material.

Why is contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI performed?

This procedure is commonly used for diagnosing and monitoring various conditions in the abdominal cavity, including organs such as the liver, spleen, stomach, and intestines.

How to prepare for contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

Preparation may involve fasting on the day of the exam, avoiding food or drink for a specified time before the procedure, and informing the doctor about allergies or previous surgeries.

Are contrast agents common during contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

Contrast agents are not always necessary, but in some cases, they can enhance the visualization of specific structures. The doctor will decide on the need for contrast.

How long does the contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI procedure take?

The duration of the procedure can vary but usually takes between 30 and 60 minutes, depending on the specific requirements of the examination.

Are side effects common after contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

Side effects are rare, but some patients may experience mild nausea, headache, or allergic reactions to the contrast material if used.

Can I eat before contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

In some cases, it may be necessary to limit food or drink intake before the procedure. The doctor will provide specific guidelines.

How quickly can I get the results of contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

Results are usually available after a few days, and the doctor will review and explain them to the patient.

What if I am pregnant? Can I undergo contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI?

Contrast-enhanced MRI during pregnancy is usually avoided unless absolutely necessary. The decision should be made in consultation with the doctor.

How often is contrast-enhanced abdominal MRI recommended?

The frequency of this procedure depends on the medical needs of the patient and the doctor's recommendations. Discuss with your doctor the recommended schedule for your individual case.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator