Embolization of hemorrhoids


Embolization of hemorrhoids is a medical procedure used to treat severe cases of hemorrhoids by blocking the blood flow to the affected area. This procedure involves inserting tiny particles or coils into the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoids, causing them to shrink and eventually disappear.


Candidates for embolization of hemorrhoids are typically individuals with persistent and severe hemorrhoid symptoms that have not responded to conservative treatments such as dietary changes, topical medications, or other minimally invasive procedures.


Preparation for the treatment usually involves a consultation with a healthcare provider, during which the patient's medical history is reviewed, and any current medications or allergies are discussed. Patients may also be advised to stop taking certain medications, such as blood thinners, before the procedure.


During the treatment, the patient is typically positioned on an examination table, and local anesthesia is administered to numb the area around the anus. A small incision may be made, and a catheter is inserted into the blood vessels supplying the hemorrhoids. Tiny particles or coils are then injected through the catheter to block the blood flow to the hemorrhoids.


Results of embolization of hemorrhoids can vary depending on the severity of the condition and individual factors. Many patients experience significant relief from symptoms such as pain, bleeding, and itching after the procedure. However, it may take some time for the hemorrhoids to fully shrink and resolve.


Precautionary measures following the procedure may include avoiding strenuous activities, heavy lifting, or straining during bowel movements to prevent recurrence or complications. Patients should also follow any specific post-procedure instructions provided by their healthcare provider and attend follow-up appointments as scheduled to monitor their recovery and address any concerns.

Ivana, Patient Coordinator

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Ivana, ZagrebMed patient coordinator