Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF) is a surgical procedure used to treat issues in the lumbar spine. This procedure involves the fusion of two vertebrae in the lumbar region to stabilize the spine and reduce pain caused by degenerative changes, injuries, or other spinal conditions.
Candidates for posterior lumbar interbody fusion are typically individuals suffering from severe issues in the lumbar spine, such as degenerative disc diseases, spondylolisthesis, or traumatic injuries. These patients may experience symptoms such as severe lower back pain, limited mobility, or neurological symptoms that require surgical intervention.
Prior to the treatment, patients will typically undergo a series of tests and examinations to confirm the diagnosis and assess their overall health status. Physicians may recommend specific blood tests, X-rays, or magnetic resonance imaging, and patients may receive guidance on dietary restrictions, medications, or activities to avoid before the surgery.
During the PLIF procedure, the surgeon accesses the spine through a posterior approach, removes the damaged disc, and inserts a graft or implant between the vertebrae for fusion. This procedure aims to stabilize the spine, reduce pain, and improve the functionality of the lower back.
The results of Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion may include a reduction in pain, improved stability of the lower back, enhanced mobility, and a decrease in neurological symptoms associated with spinal damage. Patients typically experience an improvement in their quality of life following the recovery from the surgery.
After the surgery, patients should follow the physician's instructions regarding recovery, rehabilitation, and activity restrictions to ensure a successful and safe rehabilitation of the lower back. It is important to avoid overexertion or activities that may negatively impact the healing of the spine.
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